Early Dated Coins
AN ONLINE ADAPTATION OF THE FREY CATALOGUE OF DATED EUROPEAN COINAGE BEFORE 1501
With additional coins not included by Frey from numerous catalogues through 1530 as are found and identified.

Select a period:
1166-1429 · 1430s · 1440s · 1450s · 1460s ·
1470s · 1480s ·
1491-1495
· 1496-1500 · 1501-1505 · 1506-1510 · 1520s
Text listing 1166-1530 sorted by Issuing State, by Denomination, by Date


Saxony - Half Groschen - 1475
Obv: *E·W·A·D·G·DVCS·SX·TV·L·MA·MIS
Rev: *GROSSVS·NOVVS·MARG·MIS·75

Nordlingen - Half Groschen - 1497
Obv: +MONETA·NOVA·NORDLING·97
Rev: +MAXIMILIANVS·ROMANOR·REX


I am very grateful to the staffs of Fritz Rudolf Künker Munzenhandlung, Dr. Hubert Lanz, Dr. Alan Walker, the staff of Gorny and Mosch, Classical Numismatic Group, and Joachim Stollhoff for the kind permission granted to include scans from their auction catalogues to help illustrate the coins listed. Photos with the following icons represent the following auction houses:
Fritz Rudolf Künker Munzenhandlung  
Numismatik Lanz München

LHS-Numismatik
(formerly Leu)

 
Gorny & Mosch
Auctiones AG Basel (now part of Münzen & Medaillen GmbH)  
Münzen and Medaillen GmbH
Classical Numismatic Group      
Special note must also be made of A. J. Gatlin's Coinarchives.com site, without which the photos on this page would be largely missing. This site is an invaluable resource on all coins, with 240.000+ auction listings from approximately 2000 onwards.

EARLY DATED COINS OF INTEREST
Scanning through books, old auction catalogues, and fixed price lists covering Europe I spotted the following "record holders" and other coins of special interest. This is by no means intended to be either an exhaustively researched or academically correct list and revisions are expected. Anyone with further information on other coins fitting the following categories are encouraged to write me!

Earliest dated coins of various nations and states:
1234 Denmark (Roskilde)
1372 Belgium (Schoonvorst)
1372 German States (Aachen)
1424 Switzerland [IZ]*
1437 Netherland (Gröningen)
1456 Austria (Graz and Wiener Neustadt)
1459 Balkan States
1478 Sweden
1480 Italy (Forli)
1491 France (Lorraine)
1499 Hungary
1504 Poland (Glogau)
1506 Lithuania
1525 Bohemia
1548 England Shilling of Edward VI [MDXLVIII]***
* This is the first coin known to date fully with Arabic numerals
** This is a pattern testone
*** Elizabeth's moneyers dated coins intermittently, always with modern Arabic numerals. It wasn't until the latter years of Charles I that dates began appearing regularly on England's coinage and finally with the accession of Charles II and the modernization of minting by machine do England's coins finally attain an unbroken series of dates through today.

Earliest uses of arabic numerals on coins:
1424 St. Gallen, Switzerland - Plappart
1456 Graz Schinderling (6)

Late uses of medieval Gothic/Uncial lettering styles:
1519 Deutscher Orden (Teutonic Order) Groschen
1520 Minden Schilling
1520's undated Snaphaans of Liege were still being minted with Gothic lettering into this decade.
1534 Deventer, Kampen, and Zwolle Stüber
1551 Göttingen Körtling
Goslar used Gothic lettering along with Latinized letters on their coins into the 1550's at least

Late uses of Roman numerals on coins*:
1511 Brunswick-Grubenhagen Kleiner Groschen [M:CCCCC:XI]
1513 Breslau Ducat [MDXIII]
1517 Swabia-Hall Batzen and Half Batzen [M·D·XVII] (possibly in 1522 as well)
1523 Nordlingen Batzen [MDXXIII]
1527 Bohemia Prager Groschen
1539 Salzburg Guldiner
1541 Northeim Körtling [MCCCCCXXXXI]
1544 Groningen Dubbele Plak [MCCCCCXLIIII]
1551 Göttingen Körtling [MCCCCCLI]
1553 England Sovereign and Ryal of Mary [MDLIII]**
*It should be noted that there are coins, especially from Augsburg that use Roman numeral dates well into the 18th century but many of these are clearly an artistic design choice by the engraver rather than a stubborn hold-over from medieval times because Augsburg began using regular Arabic numerals on some of its smaller pieces in the 1520's. The 1839 "Una and the Lion" Five Pound proof of England and the 1907 St. Gaudin's $20 gold from the USA also artistically use Roman numerals, for example.
** England abandoned Roman numerals almost immediately. [MDXLVIII] appeared on the shilling of Edward VI as England's first dated coin. The 1553 coins are the last to use them except as noted above.

Uses of mixed dating methods on a single coin:
1484 Liege Double Patard [LXXX4]
1488 Einbeck and Göttingen Körtlings [M*CCCC*LXXX8]
1488 Liege Demi-Aident [MCCCCLXXX8]
1503 Jülich-Cleve-Berg Bausche [M*CCCC:3]
1504 East Frisia Double Stüber and Double Krumsteert [MCC-CCC4]
1513 Austria Half Batzen [MD 13] (over MDXIII)
1534 Deventer, Kampen, and Zwolle Stüber [M*CC-CCC*34]

Late uses of the Gothic form for 4:
1514 Brandenburg Groschen
1514 Hungary Goldgulden
1514 Julich-Berg Albus
1514 Salzburg Batzen and Zweier
1514 Schleswig-Holstein Mark (Of the greatest rarity, sold June 2005 at €24.000)
1514 Silesia Goldgulden
1524 Denmark on various soslings, pennings, and skillings
1524 Deutscher Orden (Teutonic Order) Groschen
1524 Hungary Goldgulden
1524 Magdeburg Breitgroschen
1534 Basel Goldgulden
1534 Breisach Breiter Batzen
1534 Pfalz-Simmern-Sponheim Batzen
1542 Colmar Half Thaler (listed in Schulten's catalogue)
1554 Salzburg Zweier (Unconfirmed, but listed in Schulten as such)
1624 Stettin (Pomerania) Schilling (listing confirmed in two sources)

Late uses of the Gothic form for 5:
1502 Lubeck Witten
1505 Aargau Turnosegroschen [10]
1505 Mainz Goldgulden [10]
1506 Hamburg Mark [1o6]
1506 Goslar Mariengroschen
1507 Silesia-Breslau Groschen [1°]
1510 Brunswick Mariengroschen
1510 Goslar Mariengroschen
1511 Pomerania Witten (Stettin)
1511 Pomerania Schilling (Stettin)
1513 Hesse Half Albus (one die at least)
1515 Pomerania Witten (Stettin)
1515 Pomerania Schilling (Stettin)
1522 Hildesheim Quarter Mariengulden

Late uses of the form for 7:
1507 Bamberg Goldgulden
1507 Köln Goldgulden
1507 Poland Polgrosz
1507 Pomerania Witten (Stettin)
1507 Pomerania Schilling (Stettin)
1507 Silesia-Breslau Groschen [1°]
1507 Stralsund Half Schilling and Schilling
1517 Brandenburg-Prussia Groschen
1517 Cleve Half Albus
1517 Denmark Skilling of Malmø
1517 Lithuania Polgrosz
1517 Passau Batzen
1517 Pomerania Witten (Stettin)
1517 Schweidnitz (Swidnica) Half Groschen
1517 Silesia Groschen
1527 Lithuania Polgrosz
1547 Poland Polgrosz
1587 Stettin Scherf (Wow! What a late date for a generally early-abandoned numeric form of '7')

Just plain cool medieval coins to draw :-)
Sigismund of Tyrol (my favorite medieval ruler) Sechser, n.d. (1480s)

Thanks For Being Visitor Number !